Superficial Venous Reflux Disease isn’t uncommon. More than 80 million Americans suffer from some form of venous disease.

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What is Superficial Venous Reflux Disease?

Superficial Venous Reflux Disease (SVRD) is a medical condition affecting the circulation of blood in the lower extremities. Arteries are responsible for carrying blood around your body, away from your heart, while your veins take this blood back to your heart. Inside these veins are valves, which prevent blood from flowing back down through the veins. SVRD develops when the valves become “leaky” and blood pools in the leg preventing it from flowing back to your heart. When this happens, pooling blood can raise pressure in your veins, causing a range of problems.

What Causes Venous Disease?

  • Family history - Approximately 70% of all patients have parents with the same condition.
  • Age - It is estimated that 1 in 3 Americans over the age of 45 have vein disease. Women have a higher incidence of the disease than men.
  • Obesity
  • Hormonal changes—pregnancy, menopause, hormone therapy
  • Phlebitis—inflammation
  • Prior leg injury including surgery
  • Prolonged standing or sitting


  • Varicose veins
  • Leg heaviness and fatigue
  • Pain
  • Itching or dry flaking skin on the lower legs
  • Leg restlessness
  • Swollen limbs
  • Skin changes such as redness and inflammation called stasis dermatitis or brownish skin discoloration called hyperpigmentation  
  • Skin ulcers around the ankle

What treatment options are available?

Compression socks are the most common treatment. Knee high
elastic stockings with a moderate compression of 20-30 mmHg apply
pressure to your lower leg and ankle which helps reduce leg swelling
and improves blood flow.

More severe cases may require a minimally invasive procedure such as:

Endovenous Ablation

This procedure is done in office using radio frequency or laser energy to cauterize (burn) and close the abnormal veins.

Phlebectomy Trivex

requires only a few small incisions and is
performed under general or light anesthesia. Patients are
discharged the same day and typically require only a brief recovery.

Intravenous Ultrasound

is an imaging procedure which allows for possible stent placement in the spot where the vein is compressed or obstructed.

Did You Know?

The veins in the lower limbs are classified into two systems:
Superficial Veins, which are veins between the skin and the muscles.
Deep Veins are veins between the muscles and bone.

Venous Anatomy
• Veins return blood from the legs to the heart
• Veins have thin walls and have low pressures
• Blood flow is directed through valves
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